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[ESAC Student Seminar] Xinyuan Yu

Date: Friday, April 26, 2024 Time: 12:00 - 1:00pm Location: 54-1827 | MIT Campus, Cambridge, MA

“Anthropogenic fingerprint detectable in upper troposphere ozone trends retrieved from satellite”

Tropospheric ozone (O3) is a strong greenhouse gas, particularly in the upper troposphere (UT). Limited observations point to a continuous increase in UT O3 in recent decades, but attribution of UT O3 changes is complicated by large internal climate variability. We show that the anthropogenic signal (“fingerprint”) in the patterns of UT O3 increases is distinguishable from the background noise of internal variability. The time-invariant fingerprint of human-caused UT O3 changes is derived from a 16-member initial-condition ensemble performed with a chemistry-climate model (CESM2-WACCM6). The fingerprint is largest between 30S and 40N, especially near 30N. In contrast, the noise pattern in UT O3 is mainly associated with the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO). The UT O3 fingerprint pattern can be discerned with high confidence within only 13 years of the 2005 start of the OMI/MLS satellite record. Unlike the UT O3 fingerprint, the lower tropospheric (LT) O3 fingerprint varies significantly over time and space in response to large-scale changes in anthropogenic precursor emissions, with the highest signal-to-noise ratios near 40N in Asia and Europe. Our analysis reveals a significant human effect on Earth’s atmospheric chemistry in the UT and indicates promise for identifying fingerprints of specific sources of ozone precursors.

ESAC Student Seminar Series

A forum for students and postdocs to share recent research, hone presentation skills, and build community among peers, sponsored by the EAPS Student Advisory Committee. Open to current EAPS graduate and undergraduate students and postdocs. Typically hosted on Thursdays during the semester, including pizza lunch.

Contact: esac.officers@gmail.com